Excel 2010 Formatting Cells

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Excel 2010

Formatting Cells

Introduction

Excel 2010 
Spreadsheets that have not been formatted can be difficult to read. Formatted text and cells can draw attention to specific parts of the spreadsheet and make the spreadsheet more visually appealing and easier to understand.
In Excel, there are many tools you can use to format text and cells. In this lesson, you will learn how to change the color and style of text and cellsalign text; and apply special formatting to numbers and dates.


Formatting Text

Launch video!Watch the video (3:23). Need help?
Many of the commands you will use to format text can be found in the Font, Alignment, and Number groups on the ribbon. Font commands let you change the style, size, and color of text. You can also use them to add borders and fill colors to cells. Alignment commands let you format how text is displayed across cells both horizontally and vertically. Number commands let you change how selected cells display numbers and dates.
Watch the video to learn how to use Font, Alignment, and Number commands to format text in an Excel 2010 workbook.

To Change the Font:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the font command on the Home tab. The font drop-down menu appears.
  3. Move your mouse over the various fonts. A live preview of the font will appear in the worksheet.
    Changing the fontChanging the font
  4. Select the font you want to use.

To Change the Font Size:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the font size command on the Home tab. The font size drop-down menu appears.
  3. Move your mouse over the various font sizes. A live preview of the font size will appear in the worksheet.
    Changing the font sizeChanging the font size
  4. Select the font size you want to use.
You can also use the Grow Font and Shrink Font commands to change the size.
The Grow Font and Shrink Font CommandsThe Grow Font and Shrink Font commands

To Use the Bold, Italic, and Underline Commands:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Click the Bold (B), Italic (I), or Underline (U) command on the Home tab.
    The Bold, Italic, and Underline CommandsThe Bold, Italic, and Underline commands

    To Add a Border:

    1. Select the cells you want to modify.
    2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the Borders command on the Home tab. The border drop-down menu appears.
      Adding a borderAdding a border
    3. Select the border style you want to use.
    You can draw borders and change the line style and color of borders with the Draw Borders tools at the bottom of the Borders drop-down menu.

    To Change the Font Color:

    1. Select the cells you want to modify.
    2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the font color command on the Home tab. The color menu appears.
    3. Move your mouse over the various font colors. A live preview of the color will appear in the worksheet.
      Adding a font colorAdding a font color
    4. Select the font color you want to use.
    Your color choices are not limited to the drop-down menu that appears. Select More Colors at the bottom of the menu to access additional color options.

    To Add a Fill Color:

    1. Select the cells you want to modify.
    2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the fill color command on the Home tab. The color menu appears.
    3. Move your cursor over the various fill colors. A live preview of the color will appear in the worksheet.
      Adding a fill colorAdding a fill colorSelect the fill color you want to use.

To Change Horizontal Text Alignment:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Select one of the three horizontal Alignment commands on the Home tab.
    • Align Text Left: Aligns text to the left of the cell.
    • Center: Aligns text to the center of the cell.
    • Align Text Right: Aligns text to the right of the cell.
      Aligning Text LeftAligning Text Left

To Change Vertical Text Alignment:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Select one of the three vertical Alignment commands on the Home tab.
    • Top Align: Aligns text to the top of the cell.
    • Middle Align: Aligns text to the middle of the cell.
    • Bottom Align: Aligns text to the bottom of the cell.
      Top Aligning TextTop Aligning Text
By default, numbers align to the bottom-right of cells and words or letters align to the bottom-left of cells.

Formatting Numbers and Dates

One of the most useful features of Excel is its ability to format numbers and dates in a variety of ways. For example, you might need to format numbers with decimal places, currency symbols ($), percent symbols (%), etc.

To Format Numbers and Dates:

  1. Select the cells you want to modify.
  2. Click the drop-down arrow next to the Number Format command on the Home tab.
    Accessing Number Format commandsAccessing Number Format commands
  3. Select the number format you want.
Review the following interactive to learn about the different number formats.

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