Mac OS X Lion Getting Started

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Getting Started with OS X Lion

Launch video!Watch the video (3:52). Need help?
Once you have OS X Lion up and running, you should spend some time getting comfortable with the interface. If you've never used OS X before, you'll need to learn about the basics such as the Dock, themenu bar, and how to open files and apps. If you're familiar with earlier versions of OS X, you'll find that it's mostly very similar, but you now have additional options such as Launchpadfull-screen apps, and multi-touch gestures.
Watch the video to learn the basics of using Lion.

The Desktop

The screen that you see when your computer has finished starting up is called the desktop. The OS X Lion desktop includes a desktop background (or wallpaper), the Dock, and the menu bar. You can open files or applications from the Dock, or from the new Launchpad feature that was introduced in Lion. You can also displayfilesfolders, or shortcuts on the desktop background area.
Review the interactive to learn about the Lion desktop.



Opening Files, Folders, and Apps in Lion

When you use any operating system, you'll need to know how to open filesfolders, and apps. In Lion, you can open something by clicking it in the Dock or Launchpad, or by double-clicking it if it's on the desktop or inside a folder.
If you're new to Lion, you may want to practice by doing the following steps:
  1. Open Finder by clicking the Finder icon on the left side of the Dock.
    Opening FinderOpening Finder
  2. Close Finder by clicking the button in the top-left corner of the Finder window. Later on, we'll talk more about how to use Finder.
    Closing FinderClosing Finder
  3. Open Launchpad by clicking the Launchpad icon on the Dock.
    Opening LaunchpadOpening Launchpad
  4. While Launchpad is open, click on any app to open it.
    Clicking an appClicking an app
  5. Quit the app you just opened by clicking the app name in the top-left corner of the screen and selecting Quit.
    Quitting an appQuitting an app
  6. If you have any icons on your desktop, double-click one of them to open it, and then close or quit it.
    Double-clicking a file to open itDouble-clicking a file to open it
When an app is open, the icon on the Dock will have a light under it. You may notice that the Finder icon always has a light under it - that's because it's always running, even if there are no Finder windows open.
    Lights indicating which apps are openLights indicating which apps are open

Full-Screen Apps

Some apps in Lion have a full-screen mode that lets you just focus on one app, with no distractions. These apps have a double-arrow icon in the top-right corner. When you click the icon, the app will zoom to fill the entire screen, and everything else will be hidden. You can then press the Escape (Esc) key to return to the normal view. Not all apps currently support this feature. However, it is used by many of the pre-installed apps such as iCalSafari, andiPhoto.
The double-arrow iconThe double-arrow icon
You can also switch to full-screen mode by using the keyboard shortcut Control-Command-F.

The Menu Bar

The menu bar is located at the top of the screen. It is always visible except when you're running a full-screen app. The options on the menu bar will vary depending on which app you're currently using. The name of the app will appear in bold near the left side of the menu bar, and the options to the right of the name allow you to perform various tasks within the app.
The menu bar, while using iPhotoThe menu bar, while using iPhoto

The Apple Icon

On the left side of the menu bar is the Apple icon, which you can use to access your System Preferencesrecent documents, and more. You'll also use the Apple icon to shut down or restart your computer.
The Apple iconThe Apple icon

Spotlight

On the right side of the menu bar is a magnifying glass icon. When you click it, it will open Spotlight, which is a tool you can use to search your computer. If you're having trouble finding a fileapp, or folder, you can just type the name in Spotlight, and it will show you a list of results.
Using Spotlight to search for an appUsing Spotlight to search for an app

Multi-Touch Gestures

Lion allows you to use many different multi-touch gestures with your mouse or trackpad. These include pinches,tapsdouble-taps, and swipes. Each gesture performs a specific task, and by learning different gestures you can increase your productivity.
In order to use multi-touch gestures, you will need the right equipment. If you have a laptop, the built-in trackpad can be used. For desktop computers, you can either use the Magic Trackpad or the Magic Mouse. One of these may have been included with your computer; if not, they can be purchased separately. Most mice are not touch-sensitive and cannot be used for multi-touch gestures.
A laptop trackpadA laptop trackpad
The Magic TrackpadThe Magic Trackpad
The Magic MouseThe Magic Mouse
 
To see gestures in action, watch the following video from Apple.

Examples of Gestures

Some gestures will vary depending on whether you're using a trackpad or a Magic Mouse, and there are a few that only work with trackpads. Some apps may not support all gestures, but apps made by Apple (such as Safari) tend to use them more. Therefore, you may want to practice the following gestures with Safari before you try them with other apps.
  • Pinch to Zoom (trackpad only): Place your thumb and forefinger on the trackpad and move them apartto zoom in, or move them together to zoom out.
    Pinching to zoomPinching to zoom
  • Smart Zoom: Tap the trackpad twice (double-tap) with two fingers. If you are using a Magic Mouse, double-tap the mouse with one finger (make sure you are just tapping the mouse, and not clicking). The app will zoom in to the area where the mouse pointer is.
    Double-tapping with two fingersDouble-tapping with two fingers
    Double-tapping with one fingerDouble-tapping with one finger
     
  • Swipe to Navigate: Instead of using your web browser's back and forward buttons, you can swipe to the left or right with two fingers (on a trackpad) or one finger (on a Magic Mouse). You can also do this to scroll through different screens in Launchpad.
    Swiping with two fingersSwiping with two fingers
    Swiping with one fingerSwiping with one finger
     
View Launchpad (trackpad only): Place your thumb and three fingers on the trackpad and move them together to open Launchpad.
Pinching with three fingers and thumbPinching with three fingers and thumb

Natural Scrolling

By default, Lion uses natural scrolling, which means that things move in the opposite direction from "traditional" scrolling. To understand this, let's compare traditional and natural scrolling.
  • Traditional scrolling: When you're viewing a web page, you can scroll down by using a downward swipe on your trackpad (using two fingers), Magic Mouse, or the scroll wheel on a more traditional mouse. Your web browser's scroll bar moves down, but the content on the page moves up. This is the way that most computers handle scrolling.
    Traditional scrollingTraditional scrolling
  • Natural scrolling: With natural scrolling, you will use an upward swipe, and the content on the page moves up, almost like you are pushing the content up. This is the way that scrolling usually works on touchscreen devices like the iPad and iPhone, and it's the default option in Lion.
    Natural scrollingNatural scrolling

To Change the Scrolling Type:

If you've never used Lion before, natural scrolling may seem awkward at first. However, since it mimics the way that mobile devices work, it may not take long to get used to it. You can switch between natural and traditional scrolling in your mouse settings, to see which one you prefer.
  1. Click the Apple icon and select System Preferences.
    Opening System PreferencesOpening System Preferences
  2. Select the Mouse icon to go to your mouse settings.
    Going to Mouse settingsGoing to Mouse settings
  3. Next to Scroll directionuncheck the check box to use traditional scrolling, or check it to use natural scrolling.
    Changing the scroll directionChanging the scroll direction

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I made these pages for me and my friends to help solving the problem we face regarding Computer & internet, if anyone wants me to answer a question or find out about some information please send me email and I will try to reply.*P.S. some of the article I wrote and the other I found on the internet I posted them in sprit of learning and shearing, please forgive me if you found something you don’t want to be in my blog, email me and I will delete them. Thank you for your interest in my pages.امل نجم Amal Nagm

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